Dual identities in intergroup contact: group status and size moderate the generalization of positive attitude change

Gonzalez, Roberto and Brown, Rupert (2006) Dual identities in intergroup contact: group status and size moderate the generalization of positive attitude change. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42 (6). pp. 753-767. ISSN 0022-1031

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

To explore the effects of various categorization strategies on intergroup bias within and beyond a contact situation, two experiments were conducted involving groups of different size and/or status that worked together on a cooperative task. Three categorization strategies (decategorization, recategorization, and dual identity) were compared, and bias was measured through symbolic reward allocations to people who were and were not actually encountered. In Experiment 1 (N = 129), we varied group size (minority or majority) and found that it affected bias within the contact situationminority groups were more biased than majority groups. All of the categorization strategies limited bias and they did so equally well. Outside the contact situation, however, only the recategorization and dual identity strategies limited bias. In Experiment 2 (N = 156), we varied both group status (low or high) and group size. Both of these variables affected bias within the contact situationhigh status groups were more biased than low status groups, and minority groups were again more biased than majority groups. Once again, all three categorization strategies limited bias and they did so equally well. Outside the contact situation, however, an interaction among the independent variables was observed. For minority groups, only the dual identity strategy limited bias, but none of the categorization strategies limited bias for majority groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Senior author: Gonzalez was Brown's research student.
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Rupert Brown
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:36
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2012 08:48
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13521
📧 Request an update