Why are poor comprehenders inefficient searchers? An investigation into the effects of text representation and spatial memory on ability to locate information in a text.

Cataldo, Maria and Oakhill, Jane (2000) Why are poor comprehenders inefficient searchers? An investigation into the effects of text representation and spatial memory on ability to locate information in a text. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92 (4). pp. 791-799. ISSN 0022-0663

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Abstract

Good comprehenders were more efficient than poor comprehenders when they were required to locate specific pieces of information in a text, and there were qualitative differences in search strategies between the groups. However, the performance of the good comprehenders was more like that of poor comprehenders when they were required to search through a scrambled text, suggesting that their search was guided by their representation of the content of the text. Although the groups did not differ in performance on a test of spatial memory, or on their ability to remember the location of individual words in a text, the good comprehenders were better at remembering the order in which specific words appeared in a text. This finding again suggests that their superior search strategies may arise because of their better memory for the order of events in a text.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Oakhill
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:36
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2012 08:56
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13525
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