Blockade of the expression of a place preference conditioned to amphetamine by an antagonist of the strynine-insensitive glycine site of the NMDA receptor but not by an AMPA receptorantagonist

Mead, Andy N and Stephens, David N (1999) Blockade of the expression of a place preference conditioned to amphetamine by an antagonist of the strynine-insensitive glycine site of the NMDA receptor but not by an AMPA receptorantagonist. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 290 (1). pp. 9-15. ISSN 0022-3565

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Abstract

We investigated the role of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) receptor in the induction and expression of an amphetamine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in mice. The selective AMPA-receptor antagonist 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(f)quinoxaline (NBQX) failed to prevent the induction of a CPP, except at a dose (30 mg/kg) that also produced a conditioned place aversion. NBQX also failed to affect the expression of a CPP at a dose high enough to reduce activity levels. In contrast, the less selective AMPA receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxalone-2,3-dione (CNQX) prevented the expression of a CPP at doses (1–10 mg/kg) that had no effect on activity levels. We therefore tested the possibility that CNQX exerted its effects due to antagonism at the glycine site of theN-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The glycine-site antagonist 7-chloro-4-hydroxy-3-(2-phenoxy)phenyl-2(1H)-quinolone also prevented the expression of a CPP at doses that had no effect on activity levels (0.1–0.3 mg/kg). These results suggest that neither the induction nor the expression of an amphetamine-induced CPP requires AMPA receptor-mediated transmission and that effects found in previous studies using the less selective AMPA receptor antagonists may be due to the effects of these compounds at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Dai Stephens
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:47
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2013 15:28
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/14439
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