Transactivation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdt2+ stimulates a Pcu4-Ddb1-CSN ubiquitin ligase

Liu, Cong, Poitelea, Marius, Watson, Adam, Yoshida, Shu-Hei, Shimoda, Chikashi, Holmberg, Christian, Nielsen, Olaf and Carr, Antony M (2005) Transactivation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdt2+ stimulates a Pcu4-Ddb1-CSN ubiquitin ligase. EMBO Journal, 24 (22). pp. 3940-3951. ISSN 0261-4189

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Cullin-4 forms a scaffold for multiple ubiquitin ligases. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the Cullin-4 homologue (Pcu4) physically associates with Ddb1 and the COP9 signalosome (CSN). One target of this complex is Spd1. Spd1 regulates ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) activity. Spd1 degradation during S phase, or following DNA damage of G2 cells, results in the nuclear export of the small RNR subunit. We demonstrate that Cdt2, an unstable WD40 protein, is a regulatory subunit of Pcu4¿Ddb1¿CSN ubiquitin ligase. cdt2 deletion stabilises Spd1 and prevents relocalisation of the small RNR subunit from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. cdt2+ is periodically transcribed by the Cdc10/DSC1 transcription factor during S phase and transiently transcribed following DNA damage of G2 cells, corresponding to Spd1 degradation profiles. Cdt2 co-precipitates with Spd1, and Cdt2 overexpression results in constitutive Spd1 degradation. We propose that Cdt2 incorporation into the Pcu4¿Ddb1¿CSN complex prompts Spd1 targeting and subsequent degradation and that Cdt2 is a WD40 repeat adaptor protein for Cullin-4-based ubiquitin ligase.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Senior Author. Designed all experiments and wrote the manuscipt. 90% of the work was from Sussex.
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Depositing User: Cong Liu
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:08
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2012 08:42
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