Cluster reduction: deletion or coalescence?

Wheeler, Max W (2005) Cluster reduction: deletion or coalescence? Catalan Journal of Linguistics, 4. pp. 57-82. ISSN 1695-6885

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I show that a consequence of Correspondence Theory in OT is that, for processes such as cluster reduction, if MAX outranks UNIFORMITY, candidates displaying coalescence are preferred to those displaying true deletion. It is thus incumbent on the analyst to identify the constraints that select appropriate coalescence candidates, even for apparent "deletion" cases. I show how Lamontagne & Rice's (1995) account of the D-effect in Navajo must be modified to ensure the correct outcome in a language where both coalescence and apparent deletion are repairs to cluster constraint violations. If, for other reasons, it is necessary that UNIFORMITY outrank MAX, the admission of MAX(Feature) constraints becomes unavoidable. An analysis of certain cluster reduction phenomena in Ibiza Catalan shows how complex coda constraints, perceptual markedness constraints for clusters, Paradigm Uniformity, and featural faithfulness interact to derive a pattern of contextual variation. The paper includes a review of Correspondence Theory focusing on its effects in cluster reduction. Key words phonology, Optimality Theory, Correspondence Theory, coalescence, deletion, fusion, cluster reduction, Navajo, Ibiza Catalan

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Invited contribution
Schools and Departments: School of English > English
Depositing User: Max Woodfield Wheeler
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:23
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2012 08:00
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