Azad Dastas and dacoit gangs: The congress and underground activity in Bihar, 1942-44

Damodaran, Vinita (1992) Azad Dastas and dacoit gangs: The congress and underground activity in Bihar, 1942-44. Modern Asian Studies, 26 (3). pp. 417-450. ISSN 0026-749X

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This paper attempts to examine the nature of underground activity in Bihar in the 1940s. It outlines, for the first time, the dynamics of the Congress underground movement as it emerged after the imprisonment of Gandhi and the established Congress leadership in 1942. No historian has, to my knowledge, attempted to study the nature of the underground activity and its implications for the Congress organization in Bihar, or elsewhere, in this period. Most of the studies of the Quit India movement examine only the few days in August when the mass movement erupted with full force and then neglect the more significant following period. This includes the studies of Stephen Henningham and Max Harcourt who have examined the nature of popular protest in Bihar in some detail. This neglect is surprising, for the underground movement was very active and proved to be a major ‘law and order’ problem to the British well into 1944. As an underground activist, Havildar Tripathi, told me in an interview in Patna in March 1986, ‘The mass movement lasted for only 2 weeks in August, we carried it much beyond that’.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > History
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS History of Asia > DS401 India (Bharat)
Depositing User: Vinita Damodaran
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:51
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2013 11:02
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