Marine conservation science and governance in North-Eastern Europe: conservation planning and international law and policy

Metcalfe, Kristian, Roberts, Thomas, Smith, Robert J and Harrop, Stuart R (2013) Marine conservation science and governance in North-Eastern Europe: conservation planning and international law and policy. Marine Policy, 39 (1). pp. 289-295. ISSN 0308-597X

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Member States of the European Union are increasingly designating marine protected areas (MPAs) to meet globally agreed marine protection targets and regional commitments. A number of studies have examined the impact of the associated European policy on the representation of species and habitats but there is no comprehensive review of their combined impact on marine conservation in Europe. Here a systematic conservation planning framework is used to conduct such a review and compare the existing legislation to three elements of best practice, which are designed to identify MPA networks that achieve conservation goals whilst increasing the likelihood of implementation. In particular, this review investigates the extent to which legislation: (i) translates broad policy goals into explicit targets; (ii) incorporates socio-economic data into the planning process; and (iii) requires a social assessment. Whilst this legislation has widespread political support and has underpinned the rapid expansion of MPA networks, this review shows it largely fails to incorporate these key components from systematic conservation planning. Therefore, if European approaches to marine conservation are to fulfil their goal of halting marine biodiversity loss, it is essential they link existing policy frameworks with transparent strategies that account for local conditions and support implementation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: CBD Birds Directive Habitats Directive Natura 2000 OSPAR Marine protectedareas Systematic conservationplanning
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Law
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > GF075 Human influences on the environment
H Social Sciences > HC Economic history and conditions > HC0079 Special topics, A-Z > HC0079.E5 Environmental policy and economic development. Sustainable development Including environmental economics
K Law
K Law > KJ Europe
K Law > KZA Law of the Sea
Q Science > QP Physiology > QP0001 General Including influence of the environment
Depositing User: Stuart Harrop
Date Deposited: 21 May 2013 13:49
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2013 10:10
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