Perceived thickness and creaminess modulates the short-term satiating effects of high protein drinks

Bertenshaw, Emma J, Lluch, Anne and Yeomans, Martin R (2013) Perceived thickness and creaminess modulates the short-term satiating effects of high protein drinks. British Journal of Nutrition, 110 (3). pp. 578-586. ISSN 0007-1145

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Previous research suggests that increasing beverage protein content enhances subsequent satiety, but whether this effect is entirely attributable to post-ingestive effects of protein or is partly caused by the distinct sensory characteristics imparted by the presence of protein remains unclear. To try and discriminate nutritive from sensory effects of added protein, we contrasted effects of three higher energy (c. 1.2MJ) and one lower energy (LE: 0.35MJ) drink preloads on subsequent appetite and lunch intake. Two higher energy drinks had 44% of energy from protein, one with the sensory characteristics of a juice drink (HP-) and the second thicker and more creamy (HP+). The high-carbohydrate preload (HC+) was matched for thickness and creaminess to the HP+ drink. Participants (healthy male volunteers, n=26) consumed significantly less at lunch after the HP+ (566g) and HC+ (572g) than after HP- (623g) and LE (668g) drinks, although the compensation for drink energy accounted for only 50% of extra energy at best. Appetite ratings indicated that participants felt significantly less hungry and more full immediately before lunch in HP+ and HC+ compared to LE, with HP- intermediate. The finding that protein generated stronger satiety in the context of a thicker creamier drink (HP+ but not HP-), and that an isoenergetic carbohydrate drink (HC+) matched in thickness and creaminess to the HP+ drink generated the same pattern of satiety as HP+ both suggest an important role for these sensory cues in the development of protein-based satiety.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: appetite, satiety, protein
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0180 Experimental psychology
Q Science > QZ Psychology
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX0341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Depositing User: Martin Yeomans
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2013 13:36
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 18:23

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