Land reform and agricultural productivity in India: a review of the evidence

Ghatak, Maitreesh and Roy, Sanchari (2007) Land reform and agricultural productivity in India: a review of the evidence. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 23 (2). pp. 251-269. ISSN 0266-903X

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In this paper we review as well as contribute to the empirical literature on the impact of land reform on agricultural productivity in India. We find that, overall for all states, land-reform legislation had a negative and significant effect on agricultural productivity. However, this hides considerable variation across types of land reform, as well as variation across states. Decomposing by type of land reform, the main driver for this negative effect seems to be land-ceiling legislation. In contrast, the effect of tenancy reform, averaged across all states, is insignificant. There seems to be a wide range of state-specific effects, which suggests that focusing on average treatment effects can hide a considerable amount of heterogeneity. In particular, allowing a separate slope for West Bengal, one of the few states that implemented tenancy laws rigorously, we find that land reform had a marginal positive effect relative to the rest of India.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Depositing User: Tahir Beydola
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 12:40
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2015 12:40
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