Addressing the 'forgotten art of fundoscopy': evaluation of a novel teaching ophthalmoscope

Schulz, C, Moore, J, Hassan, D, Tamsett, E and Smith, C F (2016) Addressing the 'forgotten art of fundoscopy': evaluation of a novel teaching ophthalmoscope. Eye, 30 (3). pp. 375-384. ISSN 0950-222X

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Background: Direct ophthalmoscopy is an essential skill that students struggle to learn. A novel 'teaching ophthalmoscope' has been developed that allows a third person to observe the user's view of the fundus.

Objectives: To evaluate the potential use of this device as an aid to learning, and as a tool for objective assessment of competence.

Methods: Participants were randomised to be taught fundoscopy either with a conventional direct ophthalmoscope (control) or with the teaching device (intervention). Following this teaching session, participant competence was assessed within two separate objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) stations: the first with the conventional ophthalmoscope and the second with the teaching device. Each station was marked by two independent masked examiners. Students were also asked to rate their own confidence in fundoscopy on a scale of 1-10. Scores of competence and confidence were compared between groups. The agreement between examiners was used as a marker for inter-rater reliability and compared between the two OSCE stations.

Results: Fifty-five medical students participated. The intervention group scored significantly better than controls on station 2 (19.8 vs 17.6; P=0.01). They reported significantly greater levels of confidence in fundoscopy (7.3 vs 4.9; P<0.001). Independent examiner scores showed significantly improved agreement when using the teaching device during assessment of competence, compared to the conventional ophthalmoscope (r=0.90 vs 0.67; P<0.001).

Conclusion: The teaching ophthalmoscope is associated with improved confidence and objective measures of competence, when compared with a conventional direct ophthalmoscope. Used to assess competence, the device offers greater reliability than the current standard.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: Elizabeth Morris
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 16:04
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 16:04
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