Planck 2015 results. XI. CMB power spectra, likelihoods, and robustness of parameters

Lewis, A, Munshi, D and The Planck Collaboration, (2016) Planck 2015 results. XI. CMB power spectra, likelihoods, and robustness of parameters. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 594 (a11). ISSN 0004-6361

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This paper presents the Planck 2015 likelihoods, statistical descriptions of the 2-point correlations of CMB data, using the hybrid approach employed previously: pixel-based at ℓ<30 and a Gaussian approximation to the distribution of spectra at higher ℓ . The main improvements are the use of more and better processed data and of Planck polarization data, and more detailed foreground and instrumental models, allowing further checks and enhanced immunity to systematics. Progress in foreground modelling enables a larger sky fraction. Improvements in processing and instrumental models further reduce uncertainties. For temperature, we perform an analysis of end-to-end instrumental simulations fed into the data processing pipeline; this does not reveal biases from residual instrumental systematics. The Λ CDM cosmological model continues to offer a very good fit to Planck data. The slope of primordial scalar fluctuations, n s , is confirmed smaller than unity at more than 5{\sigma} from Planck alone. We further validate robustness against specific extensions to the baseline cosmology. E.g., the effective number of neutrino species remains compatible with the canonical value of 3.046. This first detailed analysis of Planck polarization concentrates on E modes. At low ℓ we use temperature at all frequencies and a subset of polarization. The frequency range improves CMB-foreground separation. Within the baseline model this requires a reionization optical depth τ=0.078±0.019 , significantly lower than without high-frequency data for explicit dust monitoring. At high ℓ we detect residual errors in E, typically O(μ K 2 ); we recommend temperature alone as the high-ℓ baseline. Nevertheless, Planck high-ℓ polarization allows a separate determination of Λ CDM parameters consistent with those from temperature alone.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Research Centres and Groups: Astronomy Centre
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Depositing User: Richard Chambers
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2017 15:49
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2018 12:07

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Precision cosmological parameters : CosmoParsG1365EUROPEAN UNION616170 ERC-2013-CoG
Astrophysics and Cosmology - Sussex Consolidated GrantG1291STFC-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCILST/L000652/1