'Nonspecific' rather than 'nonassociative' pathways to phobias: a commentary on Poulton and Menzies

Davey, Graham C L (2002) 'Nonspecific' rather than 'nonassociative' pathways to phobias: a commentary on Poulton and Menzies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40 (2). pp. 151-158. ISSN 0005-7967

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This commentary attempts to clarify the nature of contemporary associative accounts of phobias, and to describe how they might contribute to the explanation of the diversity of phobic aetiologies. It is argued that conditioning-equivalent associations underpin all phobic conditions, and that the role of experimental psychopathology research is to determine how these associations are acquired. The commentary then proceeds to discuss some of the theoretical problems with the nonassociative account of phobias as it is currently described by Poulton and Menzies, and to suggest that some interpretations of their retrospective and prospective data may not be incompatible with contemporary associative accounts. The outcome of this is that it may be more suitable to describe the fourth pathway to phobia acquisition described by Poulton and Menzies as a ‘nonspecific’ rather than a ‘nonassociative’ pathway.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Graham Davey
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 10:44
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/667
Google Scholar:21 Citations
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