Hippocampal LTP and contextual learning require surface diffusion of AMPA receptors

Penn, A C, Zhang, C L, Georges, F, Royer, L, Breillat, C, Hosy, E, Petersen, J D, Humeau, Y and Choquet, D (2017) Hippocampal LTP and contextual learning require surface diffusion of AMPA receptors. Nature, 549. pp. 384-388. ISSN 0028-0836

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Long-term potentiation (LTP) of excitatory synaptic transmission has long been considered a cellular correlate for learning and memory. Early LTP (eLTP, <1 hour) had initially been explained either by presynaptic increases in glutamate release or by direct modification of post-synaptic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) function. Compelling models have more recently proposed that synaptic potentiation can occur by the recruitment of additional post-synaptic AMPARs, sourced either from an intracellular reserve pool by exocytosis or from nearby extra synaptic receptors pre-existing on the neuronal surface. However, the exact mechanism through which synapses can rapidly recruit new AMPARs during eLTP is still unknown. In particular, direct evidence for a pivotal role of AMPAR surface diffusion as a trafficking mechanism in synaptic plasticity is still lacking. Using AMPAR immobilization approaches, we show that interfering with AMPAR surface diffusion dramatically impaired synaptic potentiation of Schaffer collateral/commissural inputs to cornu ammonis area 1 (CA1) in cultured slices, acute slices and in vivo. Our data also identifies distinct contributions of various AMPAR trafficking routes to the temporal profile of synaptic potentiation. In addition, AMPAR immobilization in vivo in the dorsal hippocampus (DH) before fear conditioning, indicated that AMPAR diffusion is important for the early phase of contextual learning. Therefore, our results provide a direct demonstration that the recruitment of new receptors to synapses by surface diffusion is a critical mechanism for the expression of LTP and hippocampal learning. Since AMPAR surface diffusion is dictated by weak Brownian forces that are readily perturbed by protein-protein interactions, we anticipate that this fundamental trafficking mechanism will be a key target for modulating synaptic potentiation and learning.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Neuroscience
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0309 Consciousness. Cognition Including learning, attention, comprehension, memory, imagination, genius, intelligence, thought and thinking, psycholinguistics, mental fatigue
Q Science > QP Physiology > QP0351 Neurophysiology and neuropsychology > QP0361 Nervous system
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Andrew Penn
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 09:01
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2018 02:00
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/68753

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Glutamate receptor ion channels and synapse dysfunctionG1682MRC-MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCILMR/M020746/1