Associations between quality of life, coping styles, optimism, and anxiety and depression in pre-treatment patients with head and neck cancer

Horney, Deborah, Smith, Helen, McGurk, Mark, Weinman, John, Herold, Jim, Altman, Keith and Llewellyn, Carrie (2011) Associations between quality of life, coping styles, optimism, and anxiety and depression in pre-treatment patients with head and neck cancer. Head and Neck, 33 (1). pp. 65-71. ISSN 1043-3074

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Abstract

Background. Head and neck cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage and consequently radical treatment is necessary. The pretreatment phase is a time of high anxiety and depression for patients. This study aimed to investigate whether anxiety and depression are related to quality of life, coping styles, and dispositional optimism.

Methods. One hundred and three patients were recruited after diagnosis to a questionnaire study. Measures included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; SF12v2 Health Survey; Brief COPE, and the Revised Life Orientation Test.

Results. Quality of life, in particular emotional role explained a large proportion of the variance in pretreatment anxiety and depression. In addition, the use of negative coping styles was related to high anxiety levels and low levels of optimism were related to higher levels of depression.

Conclusion. There are a small but significant proportion of pretreatment patients that may benefit from individualized support.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Depositing User: Grecia GarciaGarcia
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2011 11:08
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 16:55
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7249
Google Scholar:3 Citations
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