Characterising and identifying galaxy protoclusters

Lovell, Christopher C, Thomas, Peter A and Wilkins, Stephen M (2017) Characterising and identifying galaxy protoclusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474 (4). pp. 4612-4628. ISSN 0035-8711

[img] PDF (This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2017 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.) - Published Version
Download (5MB)


We study the characteristics of galaxy protoclusters using the latest L-GALAXIES semi-analytic model. Searching for protoclusters on a scale of ∼10 cMpc gives an excellent compromise between the completeness and purity of their galaxy populations, leads to high distinction from the field in overdensity space, and allows accurate determination of the descendant cluster mass. This scale is valid over a range of redshifts and selection criteria. We present a procedure for estimating, given a measured galaxy overdensity, the protocluster probability and its descendant cluster mass for a range of modelling assumptions, particularly taking into account the shape of the measurement aperture. This procedure produces lower protocluster probabilities compared to previous estimates using fixed size apertures. The relationship between active galactic nucleus (AGN) and protoclusters is also investigated and shows significant evolution with redshift; at z ∼ 2, the fraction of protoclusters traced by AGN is high, but the fraction of all AGNs in protoclusters is low, whereas atz ≥ 5 the fraction of protoclusters containing AGN is low, but most AGNs are in protoclusters. We also find indirect evidence for the emergence of a passive sequence in protoclusters at z ∼ 2, and note that a significant fraction of all galaxies reside in protoclusters at z ≥ 2, particularly the most massive.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Billy Wichaidit
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 09:53
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 09:53

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update
Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
University of Sussex Astronomy Consolidated Grant 2017-2020G2050STFC-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCILST/P000525/1