Examining the impact of audience response systems on student performance in anatomy education: a randomized controlled trial

Fergusson, Stuart J, Aka, Justine, Hennessy, Catherine M, Wilson, Andrew J, Parson, Simon H, Harrison, Ewen M, Finn, Gabrielle M and Gillingwater, Thomas H (2018) Examining the impact of audience response systems on student performance in anatomy education: a randomized controlled trial. Scottish Medical Journal, 63 (1). pp. 16-21. ISSN 0036-9330

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Electronic audience response systems (ARSs) offer the potential to enhance learning and improve performance. However, objective research investigating the use of ARSs in undergraduate education has so far produced mixed, inconclusive results. We investigated the impact of ARSs on short- and long-term test performance, as well as student perceptions of the educational experience, when integrated into undergraduate anatomy teaching.
Methods and Results: A cohort of 70 undergraduate medical students were randomly allocated to one of two groups. Both groups received the same anatomy lecture, but one group experienced the addition of ARSs. Multiple-choice tests were conducted before, immediately after the lecture and again 10 weeks later. Self-perceived post-lecture subject knowledge, confidence and enjoyment ratings did not differ between groups. Test performance immediately following the lecture improved when compared against baseline and was modestly but significantly superior in the group taught with ARSs (mean test score of 17.3/20 versus 15.6/20 in the control group, p = 0.01). Tests conducted 10 weeks after the lecture showed no difference between groups (p = 0.61) although overall a small improvement from the baseline test was maintained (p = 0.02).
Conclusions: Whilst ARSs offer opportunities to deliver novel education experiences to students, an initial superiority over standard methods does not necessarily translate into longer-term gains in student performance when employed in the context of anatomy education.
Key words: medical education; education methodology; education technology; audience response systems; anatomy.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Depositing User: Elizabeth Renvoize
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 14:30
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2018 12:51
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/75927

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