Affective problems and decline in cognitive state in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

John, A, Patel, U, Rusted, J, Richards, M and Gaysina, D (2018) Affective problems and decline in cognitive state in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine. ISSN 0033-2917

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (543kB)
[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to SRO admin only

Download (256kB)

Abstract

Evidence suggests that affective problems, such as depression and anxiety, increase risk for late-life dementia. However, the extent to which affective problems influence cognitive decline, even many years prior to clinical diagnosis of dementia, is not clear. The present study systematically reviews and synthesises the evidence for the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state (i.e. decline in non-specific cognitive function) in older adults. An electronic search of PubMed, PsycInfo and ScienceDirect was conducted to identify studies of the association between depression and anxiety separately and decline in cognitive state. Key inclusion criteria were prospective, longitudinal designs with a minimum follow-up period of one year. Data extraction and methodological quality assessment using the STROBE checklist were conducted independently by two raters. A total of 34 studies (n=71,244) met eligibility criteria, with 32 studies measuring depression (n=68,793), and 5 measuring anxiety (n=4,698). A multi-level meta-analysis revealed that depression assessed as a binary predictor (OR=1.36, 95% CIs: 1.05-1.76, p=.02) or a continuous predictor (B=-0.008, 95% CIs: -0.015, -0.002, p=.012; OR=0.992, 95% CIs: 0.985-0.998) was significantly associated with decline in cognitive state. The number of anxiety studies were insufficient for meta-analysis and are instead described in a narrative review. Results of the present study improve current understanding of the temporal nature of the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state. They also suggest that cognitive function need to be monitored closely in individuals with affective disorders, as these individuals may be at a particular risk of greater cognitive decline.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Research Centres and Groups: Centre for Innovation and Research in Childhood and Youth
Dementia Research Group
Depositing User: Ellena Adams
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 15:09
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2018 10:00
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/75940

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update