Confirming TDP2 mutation in spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 23 (SCAR23)

Zagnol-iVieira, Guido, Bruni, Francesco, Thompson, Kyle, He, Langping, Walker, Sarah, de Brouwer, Arjan P M, Taylor, Robert, Niyazov, Dimitriy and Caldecott, Keith W (2018) Confirming TDP2 mutation in spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 23 (SCAR23). Neurology Genetics, 4 (4). ISSN 2376-7839

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To address the relationship between mutations in the DNA strand break repair protein tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) and spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 23
(SCAR23) and to characterize the cellular phenotype of primary fibroblasts from this disease.

We have used exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing, gene editing and cell biology, biochemistry,and subcellular mitochondrial analyses for this study.

We have identified a patient in the United States with SCAR23 harboring the same homozygous TDP2 mutation as previously reported in 3 Irish siblings (c.425+1G>A). The current and Irish patients share the same disease haplotype, but the current patient lacks a homozygous
variant present in the Irish siblings in the closely linked gene ZNF193, eliminating this as a contributor to the disease. The current patient also displays symptoms consistent with mitochondrial dysfunction, although levels of mitochondrial function in patient primary skin fibroblasts are normal. However, we demonstrate an inability in patient primary fibroblasts to rapidly repair topoisomerase-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the nucleus and profound hypersensitivity to this type of DNA damage.

These data confirm the TDP2 mutation as causative for SCAR23 and highlight the link between defects in nuclear DNA DSB repair, developmental delay, epilepsy, and ataxia.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Research Centres and Groups: Genome Damage and Stability Centre
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Sarah Frances
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2018 11:03
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 11:03

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Cellular and Pathological Responses to Chromosomal DNA Single-Strand BreaksG2053MRC-MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCILMR/P010121/1
Non-homologous End-Joining Protein Complexes and Genome StabilityG1305CANCER RESEARCH UKC6563/A16771
SIDSCA: Defective DNA Damage Responses in Dominant Neurodegenerative DiseasesG1930EUROPEAN UNION694996
Genome Damage and Stability Centre - studentshipsG1673MRC-MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCILMR/N50189X/1