Facets of impulsivity and alcohol use: what role do emotions play?

Herman, Aleksandra M and Duka, Theodora (2018) Facets of impulsivity and alcohol use: what role do emotions play? Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews. ISSN 0149-7634

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Abstract

Alcohol misuse is a major public concern. Impulsivity has been recognised as a significant risk factor predisposing for the initiation of alcohol use, continuation and excessive alcohol use. Evidence suggests that impulsivity is also a result of both acute alcohol intoxication and long-term alcohol abuse. The multifaceted character of impulsivity and the various ways of assessing it in humans and animal models, hampers the full understanding of how impulsivity relates to alcohol use and misuse. Therefore, in this review we evaluate recent developments in the field, trying to disentangle the contribution of different impulsivity subtypes as causes and effects of alcohol use. Moreover, we review a growing body of evidence, including brain imaging, suggesting the importance of emotional states in engaging in alcohol consumption, particularly in highly impulsive individuals. We also present recent insights into how emotional processing is manifested in alcoholism and binge drinking and suggest novel approaches to treatment and prevention opportunities which target emotional-regulation as well as emotional perception and insight.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Binge drinking, alcoholism, alexithymia, interoception, mindfulness, arousal, insula
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Research Centres and Groups: Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Research Group
Sussex Addiction Research and Intervention Centre (SARIC)
Depositing User: Aleksandra Maria Herman
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 13:47
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 16:37
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/78047

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