[Express] Neuritis and vinblastine-induced axonal transport disruption lead to signs of altered dorsal horn excitability

Satkeviciute, Ieva and Dilley, Andrew (2018) [Express] Neuritis and vinblastine-induced axonal transport disruption lead to signs of altered dorsal horn excitability. Molecular Pain. ISSN 1744-8069

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Abstract

Many patients with neuropathic pain present without signs of nerve injury on routine clinical examination. Some of these patients may have inflamed peripheral nerves (neuritis). In this study, we have examined whether neuritis causes changes within the dorsal horn that may contribute to a central pain mechanism. Comparisons have been made to a model of axonal transport disruption induced using vinblastine, since neuritis disrupts such processes. At the peak of cutaneous hypersensitivities, recordings from wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons revealed increases in wind-up following neuritis but not vinblastine treatment. Ongoing activity from these neurons was unchanged. Vinblastine treatment caused a reduction in the responses of WDR neurons to noxious mechanical stimulation of the receptive field. The response of neurons to innocuous mechanical stimulation was also reduced in WDR neurons that were at a depth ≥550 μm following vinblastine treatment. An examination of the superficial dorsal horn revealed an increase in c-Fos-positive neurons in both groups following electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve. The area of dorsal horn expressing substance P was also decreased following vinblastine treatment. These findings indicate that a minor nerve insult, such as neuritis, can lead to changes within the dorsal horn that are consistent with a central neuropathic pain mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Andrew Dilley
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2018 13:07
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 08:38
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/78271

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Testing of a refined model of neuropathic pain: a model without frank nerve injury72163NC3RSNC/L00156X/1