Comparisons between heat pipe, thermoelectric system, and vapour compression refrigeration system for electronics cooling

Liang, Kun, Li, Zhaohua, Chen, Ming and Jiang, Hanying (2019) Comparisons between heat pipe, thermoelectric system, and vapour compression refrigeration system for electronics cooling. Applied Thermal Engineering, 146. pp. 260-267. ISSN 1359-4311

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Abstract

Passive systems such as air for electronics cooling have now effectively reached their limits. This paper evaluated three comparable systems for electronics cooling, including heat pipe (HP, passive system), thermoelectric (TE) and vapour compression refrigeration (VCR) systems (active systems). Mathematical model has been built for the heat pipe and the thermoelectric system respectively. Measurements have been conducted to validate the model and to compare the performance among a HP, a single stage TE system and a two-stage TE system, a combination of the HP and the TE system, and a VCR system using an oil-free linear compressor. Close agreements between the modelling and measurements have been achieved in terms of electric power input and cooling capacity at various temperatures. The HP improved the cooling capacity and the coefficient of performance (COP) of the TE system by 53% and 42% respectively at a cold end temperature of 10 °C. Heat pipe is more attractive for cooling large devices at higher temperatures. Two-stage TE system can be used for cooling devices at lower temperatures. VCR system is capable of dissipating much higher heat flux (200 W/cm2 ) at lower temperature than all other technologies.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Research Centres and Groups: Dynamics, Control and Vehicle Research Group
Depositing User: Kun Liang
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2018 16:45
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/79106

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