Cross cultural differences in implicit learning of chunks versus symmetries

Ling, Xiaoli, Zheng, Li, Guo, Xiuyan, Li, Shouxin, Song, Shiyu, Sun, Lining and Dienes, Zoltan (2018) Cross cultural differences in implicit learning of chunks versus symmetries. Royal Society Open Science, 5 (10). 180469 1-17. ISSN 2054-5703

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Three experiments explore whether knowledge of grammars defining global vs. local regularities has an advantage in implicit acquisition and whether this advantage is affected by cultural differences. Participants were asked to listen to and memorize a number of strings of 10 syllables instantiating an inversion (i.e. a global pattern); after the training phase, they were required to judge whether new strings were well formed. In Experiment 1, Western people implicitly acquired the inversion rule defined over the Chinese tones in a similar way as Chinese participants when alternative structures (specifically, chunking and repetition structures) were controlled. In Experiment 2 and 3, we directly pitted knowledge of the inversion (global) against chunk (local) knowledge, and found that Chinese participants had a striking global advantage in implicit learning, which was greater than that of Western participants. Taken together, we show for the first time cross cultural differences in the type of regularities implicitly acquired.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: implicit learning, cross cultural differences, global/local, chunks, symmetries
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Research Centres and Groups: Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 14:13
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 16:12

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