Dynamical analysis of three distant trans-Neptunian objects with similar orbits

Khain, T, Becker, J C, Adams, F C, Gerdes, D W, Hamilton, S J, Franson, K, Zullo, L, Sako, M, Napier, K., Lin, Hsing Wen, Markwardt, L, Bernardinelli, P, Abbott, T M C, Abdalla, F B, Annis, J, Avila, S, Bertin, E, Brooks, D, Carnero Rosell, A, Carrasco Kind, M, Carretero, J, Cunha, C E, da Costa, L N, Davis, C, De Vicente, J., Desai, S, Diehl, H T, Doel, P, Eifler, T F, Flaugher, B, Frieman, J, García-Bellido, J, Gruen, D, Gruendl, R A, Gutierrez, G, Hartley, W G, Hollowood, D L, Honscheid, K, James, D J, Krause, E, Kuehn, K, Kuropatkin, N, Lahav, O, Maia, M A G, Menanteau, F, Miquel, R, Nord, B, Ogando, R L C, Plazas, A A, Romer, A K, Sanchez, E, Scarpine, V, Schindler, R, Schubnell, M, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Smith, M, Soares-Santos, M, Sobreira, F, Suchyta, E, Swanson, M E C, Tarle, G, Vikram, V, Walker, A R, Wester, W and Zhang, Y (2018) Dynamical analysis of three distant trans-Neptunian objects with similar orbits. Astronomical Journal, 156 (6). 273 1-14. ISSN 0004-6256

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This paper reports the discovery and orbital characterization of two extreme trans-Neptunian objects (ETNOs), 2016 QV 89 and 2016 QU 89 , which have orbits that appear similar to that of a previously known object, 2013 UH 15 . All three ETNOs have semi-major axes a≈172 AU and eccentricities e≈0.77 . The angular elements (i,ω,Ω) vary by 6, 15, and 49 deg, respectively between the three objects. The two new objects add to the small number of TNOs currently known to have semi-major axes between 150 and 250 AU, and serve as an interesting dynamical laboratory to study the outer realm of our Solar System. Using a large ensemble of numerical integrations, we find that the orbits are expected to reside in close proximity in the (a,e) phase plane for roughly 100 Myr before diffusing to more separated values. We then explore other scenarios that could influence their orbits. With aphelion distances over 300 AU, the orbits of these ETNOs extend far beyond the classical Kuiper Belt, and an order of magnitude beyond Neptune. As a result, their orbital dynamics can be affected by the proposed new Solar System member, referred to as Planet Nine in this work. With perihelion distances of 35-40 AU, these orbits are also influenced by resonant interactions with Neptune. A full assessment of any possible, new Solar System planets must thus take into account this emerging class of TNOs.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Research Centres and Groups: Astronomy Centre
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Alice Jackson
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2018 14:37
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2018 14:37
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/80474

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