Associations of vitamin D binding protein variants with the vitamin D-induced increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D

Mehramiz, Mehrane, Khayyatzadeh, Sayyed Saeid, Esmaeily, Habibollah, Ghasemi, Faezeh, Sadeghi-Ardekani, Kiana, Tayefi, Maryam, Mirmousavi, Seyed Jamal, Hanachi, Parichehr, Bahrami-Taghanaki, H, Eslami, Saeed, Vatanparast, Hasan, Ferns, Gordon A, Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid and Avan, Amir (2018) Associations of vitamin D binding protein variants with the vitamin D-induced increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Clinical Nutrition. ISSN 0261-5614

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Abstract

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a global problem that may be improved by vitamin D supplementation; however, the individual's response to the intervention varies. We aimed to investigate possible genetic factors that may modify the impact of environmental exposure on vitamin D status. The candidate gene variant we investigated was the Gc gene-rs4588 polymorphism at the vitamin D receptor (DBP) locus.

Methods: A total of 619 healthy adolescent Iranian girls received 50000 IU of vitamin D3 weekly for 9 weeks. Serum 25(OH) D concentrations, metabolic profiles and dietary intake were measured at baseline and after 9 weeks of supplementation. The genotypes of the DBP variant (rs4588) were analyzed using the TaqMan genotyping assay.

Results: Our results revealed that the rs4588 polymorphism might be associated with serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D both at baseline (p value=0.03) and after intervention (p value=0.008). It seemed that the outcome of the intervention was gene-related so that the subjects with common AA genotype were a better responder to vitamin D supplementation (Changes (%) 469.5(427.1) in AA carriers vs. 335.8(530) in GG holders), and carriers of the less common GG genotype experienced a rise in blood glucose after 9 weeks (Changes (%) 0 (1.5)). Our findings also showed that the statistical interaction between this variant and supplementation was statistically significant (intervention effect p-value<0.001 and p-value SNP effect=0.03). The regression model also revealed that after adjusted for potential confounders, likelihood of affecting serum 25(OH)D in individuals who were homozygous for the uncommon allele G was less than those homozygous for the more common AA genotype (OR=4.407 (1.82-8.89); p=0.001).

Conclusion: Serum vitamin 25(OH) D following vitamin 25(OH) D3 supplementation appears to be modified by genetic background. The Gc genetic variant, rs4588 encoding the vitamin D receptor seems to influence the response to vitamin D supplementation.
Key words: Total 25(OH) D, Supplementation, Gc gene, rs4588.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Depositing User: Elizabeth Renvoize
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 17:57
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 17:57
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/81185

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