Navigating expert skepticism and consumer distrust: rethinking the barriers to vehicle-to-grid (V2G) in the Nordic region

Noel, Lance, Zarazua de Rubens, Gerardo, Kester, Jahannes and Sovacool, Benjamin (2019) Navigating expert skepticism and consumer distrust: rethinking the barriers to vehicle-to-grid (V2G) in the Nordic region. Transport Policy. ISSN 0967‐070X

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Abstract

Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) refers to a technology that could help make the electricity grid more effective, reduce the cost of ownership of electric vehicles (EVs), and help integrate intermittent renewable energy sources. However, despite these advantages, implementation and even knowledge of the technology is not widespread. In order to explore why, we ask the question: what are the barriers that V2G currently faces? To provide an answer, the authors conducted 227 semi-structured interviews with transportation and electricity experts from 201 institutions across seventeen cities within the a market currently experimenting with electric mobility and V2G, the Nordic region. Results show that there is an extensive range of barriers facing V2G, with experts suggesting in total 35 categories of barriers. While the literature espouses substantial benefits of V2G, the experts interviewed generally displayed skepticism of the benefits and necessity of V2G in the Nordics. We categorized the top nine discussed barriers into four clusters. These clusters focused on the experts’ skepticism of the benefits of V2G, consumer acceptance, economic viability, and regulatory structure for V2G participation. We conclude the paper with policy implications and suggestions for future research.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Ellie Leftley
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2019 11:05
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2019 16:19
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/81787

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