A glossary for research on human crowd dynamics

Adrian, Juliane, Amos, Martyn, Baratchi, Mitra, Beermann, Mira, Bode, Nikolai, Boltes, Maik, Corbetta, Alessandro, Dezecache, Guillaume, Drury, John, Fu, Zhijian, Geraerts, Roland, Gwynne, Steve, Hofinger, Gesine, Hunt, Aoife, Kanters, Tinus, Kneidl, Angelika, Konya, Krisztina, Köster, Gerta, Küpper, Mira, Michalareas, Georgios, Neville, Fergus, Ntontis, Evangelos, Reicher, Stephen, Ronchi, Enrico, Schadschneider, Andreas, Seyfried, Armin, Shipman, Alastair, Sieben, Anna, Spearpoint, Michael, Sullivan, Gavin Brent, Templeton, Anne, Toschi, Federico, van der Wal, Natalie, van Schadewijk, Frank, von Krüchten, Cornelia, Wijermans, Nanda, Yücel, Zeynep, Zanlungo, Francesco and Zuriguel, Iker (2019) A glossary for research on human crowd dynamics. Collective Dynamics, 4 (A19). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2366-8539

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Abstract

This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Agency (collective); agent; behaviour (collective); bottleneck; capacity clogging, arching; cognitive maps; collective action; collectivity; crowd; emotions (group-based and collective); evacuation; flow; fundamental diagram; group; group coordination; hand calculation; lane formation; model (general, acceleration-based, agent-based, cellular automata, computational, conceptual, deterministic, empirical, formal, hybrid, macroscopic, machine learning, mesoscopic, microscopic, multi-scale, probabilistic or stochastic, velocity-based); navigation mesh; network; others;pedestrian; phenomenon (collective); pitch invasion; queuing; rituals; routing; social appraisal; social contagion, social transfer, social spread; social identity; social norm; social relation; trajectory; wayfinding
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 11:42
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 15:33
URI: http://srodev.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/82840

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